From ancient times to the present day, let's discover Sardinian wine Sardinia has got one of the oldest winemaking traditions of the Italian territory. On the island there are many native grapevines and the cultivation of the vine dates back to the Nuragic period (a period from the Bronze Age to the 2nd century AD), where the population already produced wine. To confirm this a few kilometers from Cagliari, in the nuragic village of Monte Zara, was the discovery of a stone press that scholars trace back to a tool for pressing grapes. Another proof of the ancient winemaking tradition of the time is found in Cabras where the nuragic well of Osa has naturally been preserving Vernaccia and Malvasia grape seeds (native grape varieties) for thousands of years. There is irrefutable evidence of the production of Vitis Vinifera Sylvestris in the nuragic period, but some Greek legends tell that it was Aristeo, son of Apollo, who came to Sardinia from Boeotia, founded the ancient Caralis (today's city of Cagliari) and introduced the cultivation of vines on the island. The Spanish domination in the Middle Ages introduced "new" grapevines, including the Cagnulari also known as the Bove duro di Spagna: a black grape variety grown mainly in the lands of Usini and in the municipalities of Ossi, Tissi, Ittiri, Olmedo and Alghero. It is used for the production of two Sardinian wines: the Alghero Cagnulari DOC and the Isola dei Nuragi IGT. Sardinia offers an ideal habitat for the cultivation of the vine that has settled and persisted over time giving life to fine wines from Sardinia. Obviously, with the spread of phylloxera (a phytophagous insect that attacks the roots of European grapevines) also in these areas they had to adopt the use of rooted cuttings, or the planting
From ancient times to the present day, let’s discover Sardinian wine Sardinia has got one of the oldest winemaking traditions of the Italian territory.